Triathlon is made up of 3 disciplines consisting of swimming, cycling,
running. In it's purest form events start with a swim, is then followed by a
bicycle ride, and completed with a run, all over a stipulated distance, however
there may be triathlons with the same disciplines completed in another order.
All triathlons are done without a break between each discipline. There are a
number of other events based on a combination of some of the same disciplines in
triathlon, such Aquathlons (swim & run) and Duathlons (run, cycle, run).
Participants in triathlon are called "Triathletes".
Triathlon was founded in the 70's by the San Diego Track Club who came up
with the idea as an alternative workout in their track running program. The
first event was a 10km run, 8km cycle and 500metre swim. Soon after, triathlons
were being held in many places in the world, however the first triathlon was not
conducted in India until 1990. There were many different distances in triathlon
being conducted, however the 2 most popular and enduring distances are "The Ironman Triathlon" consisting of a 3.8km swim, 180km cycle followed by a full
marathon of 42km and also what is now known as "The Olympic Triathlon Distance"
which consists of a 1.5km swim, 40km cycle followed by a 10km run. The Olympic
Distance Triathlon came from events that were already part of the Olympic
- OLYMPIC DISTANCE TRIATHLON
The major event annually for athletes competing over this distance is the
Triathlon World Championships. This event is conducted each year in the country
successfully bidding to the International Triathlon Union (ITU) to stage the
world Triathlon Championships. The first world Triathlon Championships were held
in Avignon, France in 1989.
In 1994 Triathlon was awarded "Full Medal Status" by the IOC and made it's
debut in the 2000 Olympics held in Sydney. and will feature again at the Athens
Olympics in 2004. Triathlon will make its debut at the Commonwealth Games next
in 2002 at Manchester in Great Britain.
The World Championships, Olympic & Commonwealth Games. The World Cup Series
and the Asian Championships are all raced over the Olympic Triathlon Distance.
The Governing Body of Triathlon is the International Triathlon Union (ITU).
Founded in Aviagon, France the ITU consists of over 100 member National
Federations throughout the world, of which India is a member. The ITU is
responsible to their member Federations for the conduct of all triathlons
throughout the world with the exception of Ironman events.
The first Ironman distance event, and still the most popular Ironman, is the
Hawaiian Ironman. This event is held each year in Kona Hawaii. Ironman events
are held around the world for triathletes to qualify for this event.
Ironman is governed by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) based in the USA,
and is a privately run organization which licences and oversees Ironman events
around the world.